female nipple and areola color normal is pale red or brown powder, if the nipple and areola color has changed, can prompt the female endocrine system of some physiological changes or pathological changes.
Physiological changes of
, 1 women after pregnancy, starting from the first trimester, the nipple and areola color can be deepened, changing from light red to dark brown, this change is mainly due to pregnancy after in vivo estrogen and progesterone increased, belongs to the normal physiological changes.
2, some women (more than 30 years of age –45), in the absence of pregnancy, nipple and areola color gradually deepened, from pink brown to dark brown, if the breast examination can be found no changes, but change the color of the female at the tip "a" the increased estrogen, perhaps over a period of time, because of its regulation, the estrogen level returned to normal, the nipple and areola color is normal, this is still a normal physiological changes.
1, the nipple and areola color deepened, and surrounded by double nipple and areola itching, breast examination can be found in the bilateral or unilateral breast hyperplasia or cystic hyperplasia. The nipple and areola color deepened that estrogen levels increased as the target organ of breast lesions, is consistent with the law of occurrence.
2, the nipple and areola of simple color deepened, become dark brown or dark brown, and even found a small nodule formation, areolar glands formed around the protrusions, this check did not breast lesions.
should think of whether the patient has serious liver disease? This is because of the decline in liver function caused by liver disease, estrogen in the liver is not the normal out solution, resulting in the nipple and areola color deepened, the male with severe liver disease who appeared in the "spider", "cinnabar palm", such as a frog.
3, due to the risk of a female ovarian benign tumor, the ovarian secretion of estrogen increases, can cause the nipple and areola color deepened, gland can appear around the many small nodules. Such patients should be treated as soon as possible in gynecology, identify the cause, timely treatment.
in view of this, in the breast examination, attention must be paid to the change of the nipple and areola color. Change needs to find out the nipple and areola color belongs to physiological and pathological changes, according to the characteristics, make a clear diagnosis and active treatment.
(internship editor: He Lili)